Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known in India as 'the father of the nation' in India. He is credited with the Non Violence Movement which helped India gain freedom from the British Empire. He was shot dead on 30th January 1948, as he approached his Morning Prayer assembly by a man called Nathuram Godsey. His last words were reported to be 'Hey Ram'.
Gandhi Smriti is the place where he was shot dead. The authorities have preserved his room and memorabilia in the same state as they were then. A martyr’s column stands at the spot where he was assassinated. For anyone interested in the events that changed India’s future this is a must visit.
- Location: Central New Delhi
He was the second of the Mughal Dynasty Kings. Son of Babar and father of Akbar, Humayun the Great lies in this final resting place. His son Akbar was the most influential and powerful among the Moghul kings. The tomb follows the standard Mughal design, and has beautiful gardens laid out around it.
The minarets on four sides of the building complete the design. The area outside and the approach is quite congested and it is advisable to get a knowledgeable guide who can steer you through the highlights.
- Highlights: Nizamuddin East
This monument was constructed by the British to commemorate Indian soldiers who fought and died in World War II. Now it also houses a flame kept burning in memory of the Indian martyrs since independence. It is the point from which the annual Republic Day Parade held on 26th January begins. The well maintained gardens are a sort of informal picnic spot for family and friends in the evenings.
Balloons and ice creams are standard issue when visiting the gardens around India Gate. There are specific areas to park and then you must walk the remaining distance to the monument. There is a 24-hour guard at the memorial and it is cordoned off.
- Location: Central New Delhi
Spread out over three floors, the National Museum is in possession of many Indian and Foreign works of art. There are 5,000-year old relics depicting Indian culture and heritage and relatively newer collections as well. It is closed on Monday and open other days from 10:00 to 17:00 with an entry fee of about seven dollars for foreigners.
Audio tours are available in English, German, French, Japanese and Hindi and cost extra.
If you really want to go through the whole place one day is not enough to cover it. If you are bushed for time, about 48 hours should be enough to see most of the highlights.
- Location: Near India Gate
Nehru Museum and Planetarium
As the name suggests this was the official residence of the first prime minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. This residence, converted into a museum in 1964 after his death, is located near Chanakpuri on Teen Murti Road. The many rooms showcase his life and achievements. There are some rooms that have been maintained exactly as he left them, others have photo exhibitions, and newspaper clippings that chronicle his life.
The grounds host the Nehru Planetarium which gives an overview of the Indian Space Programme. An audio-visual lecture informs you about the details and any questions you have are answered in a following interactive session. Monday is a holiday so don’t plan your visit that day.
Open from 10:00 in the morning to 17:00 on all remaining days.
- Location: Central New Delhi
Being the tallest standing brick minaret in the world (at 72.5 metres), Qutab Minar also happens to be one of the earliest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture. The Minar was constructed back in the days when Qutb-Ud-Din-Aibak had taken over Delhi after a siege under the Muhammad of Ghor. Prithviraj was the ruler of Delhi at that Read More...
- Location: South New Delhi, close to Jawaharal Nehru University
- How to get there: Reaching Qutab Minar is not a difficult task. It is in fact, the nearest stop on the Delhi Metro from the New Delhi Railway Station. The stop is well connected by metro with Connaught Place, Rajiv Park and Old Delhi – some of the most prominent and important metro stations of Delhi. The premises don't really have fixed opening times and is open from sunrise to sunset.
Red Fort (Lal Quilla)
The construction on this mammoth fort began in 1638 and was ordered by Shah Jahan – one of the Great Mughal Kings to have ruled the subcontinent. The fort was completed in the year 1648 and has since served as the symbol of the nation. Having been passed on from the Mughal to the British and Read More...
- Location: East bank of the Yamuna River
- How to get there: The Red Fort is one of the most important monuments in Delhi and is therefore not a difficult place to find. You can use the metro, the local bus system (not recommended for travelers who are wary of pollution) or hire an auto-rickshaw. The metro connects all the vital areas of Delhi and hence is the most convenient option for foreigners. Signboards are in English and directions are clear. Beware of traveling on the metro during office rush hours (10:00 – 11:00 and 17:00 – 18:00) since things can get really crowded. You can also hire pedal rickshaws for shorter distances and/or cover the Old Delhi area on foot if that suits your taste.
Sulabh International Museum of Toilets
Rather unique in its concept, this Museum is dedicated to the one room in the house no one pays much attention to – the toilet. Founded by Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, it traces the evolution of toilets and their variations in different nations.
There are contributors from over 50 countries and technology available is shared with leading manufacturers and sanitation policy makers. The concept of maintaining good hygiene at the lowest cost possible is the driving force behind this project. It is worth a look just for its uniqueness of topic if nothing else.
The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage". It coveres area Read More...