What to See in Goa
If beach parties with loud music and wild dancing are not the only thing that you are looking for, try and get a look around historical Goa. There are many fascinating and old churches, temples and buildings that dot the state.
Happily, most of them are located in clusters and make for easy sightseeing logistics. Each area can usually be covered in one day. If you love some part you can always revisit it again. There's a lot to see in Goa.Read More
Not one of the most beautiful beaches in Goa, Anjuna Beach is still one of its most visited, primarily because of its community feel and budget prices when it comes to food and lodging. The beach is North of Baga and Calanguta – two of the more popular and uptown areas of Goa and is fairly secluded from the hustle and bustle of regular city life and this is one of the most important reasons for the beach being so popular with tourists. Known for its laid-back nature, Anjuna Beach also receives a sizable number of hippies and backpackers. Read More...
- Location: South Anjuna about three km from the bus stand.
- How to get there: The train is by far the best way of reaching Anjuna Beach from other parts of India. Anjuna Beach is connected to the nearby railway junctions through the Mapusa Station. From the station, there are two ways of reaching the beach – by bus or by an auto-rickshaw. The bus is a more economical option and you can catch one at the bus stand which is situated right across the road from the railway station. Buses usually arrive at Kadamba. The best way to get around Anjuna Beach is by hiring two wheelers. There are an overwhelming number of bike and scooter rentals available here and the charges vary, depending upon the bike and the duration of the rental. On your part, you must ensure that the vehicles are fully insured and that the papers are in place. Apart from bike rentals, taxis and auto-rickshaws are available at all major crossroads and neighborhoods along the beach.
Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary
While the village of Molem is nothing much to write home about, it is the gateway to the most spectacular wild life sanctuary. This is the largest protected area in Goa with an area of 240sqkm. It also includes the 107sqkm Molem National Park.You can climb up to the observation platform and catch a glimpse of deer, jungle cats and Malayan giant squirrels.
There is a Goa Tourism Development Corporation resort here where you can spend the night if you so desire. The park can be reached on national highway 4A.
- Location: Near Molem village, about 54km from Margao.
There are many churches in Goa – a legacy of its colonial past. You must visit a few of them. While they are generally dotted all over Goa it is a good idea to see the largest and oldest ones which are (thankfully) all situated in Old Goa. These can usually be visited on the same day. These include Se Cathedral the largest church in Old Goa whose construction began in 1562 and ended in 1652. Then there is the Convent and Church of St. Francis of Assisi which has the most interesting mural from the life of St. Francis. The interiors are very ornate and well decorated.
The Basilica of Bom Jesus contains the tomb and mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier. It is famous all throughout the Catholic world for the body that refused to rot. Even today, despite all these years the body is very well preserved. The faithful get to see the body in a silver casket every 10 years. The next showing is due in 2014. The Church of St. Cajetan is modeled on the St. Peter’s in Rome. Its construction began in 1655 by the Italian friars of the Order of Theatines who were sent by Pope Urban the Third to Golconda.
Since they were not allowed to preach in Golconda they settled down in Old Goa. The Church and Convent of St. Monica is a relatively newer building. The old church was burned down nine years after construction and the new building made of laterite was completed in 1627. The ruins of the Church of St. Augustine are also worth seeing. The only part that survives is the old tower and belfry that formed a part of the façade. It's all far more interesting with a guide who knows the history of the place.
- Location: Old Goa
Dudhsagar Waterfall and Springs
The Dudhsagar Falls are the most imposing in Goa and the second highest in India. The Western Ghats are littered with a number of smaller falls that are a lot easier to reach, but the Dudhsagar falls are worth the difficult path to get to them. They are at their best during the monsoon and just after the monsoons.
If you are heading there make sure that the path is accessible by asking the locals. There's no point in heading for an incomplete trip and sure-shot disappointment. There are full-day tours available out of both Panaji and Calangute.
- Location: On the Western Ghats as you approach Goa on the eastern border with the state of Karnataka.
Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
This bird sanctuary is named after India’s most famous ornithologist, Dr. Salim Ali; a man who was not even a university graduate but had a passion for birds. He taught himself and eventually published books on Indian birds, drew world acclaim and kept studying on the side till he achieved his doctorate.
It is a small sanctuary which should be visited from October to March. The sanctuary is open all year round and the mangrove ecology is a self sustaining one. You will need permission to visit from the Chief Wild Life Warden at Panaji. It is usually easily given.
- Location: On Chorao island on the Mandovi river. You will need to take the ferry from Ribandar ferry dock.
The annual Goa Carnival takes place in the month of March to welcome spring. Much rejoicing and revelry takes place in the streets and the parties last all night for three consecutive days. This is the time to literally run wild on the streets with gay abandon.
The locals will eat, drink and be merry for the duration of the carnival with many of the visitors joining in on the fun. You will get to taste some of the finest Feni during these days. Feni is the liquor brewed locally out of cashew kernels
- Location: All over Goa, the beaches are also as much part of the action as the streets.
This is the part of town that the Portuguese developed to such an extent that in its glory it was said to rival Lisbon. Today, unfortunately not much glory remains, but it makes an interesting day trip to view all the churches, cathedrals and soak up the atmosphere. Try and avoid going on the weekends as it is crowded then.
The ten days leading up to the Feast of St. Francis Xavier on 3rd December each year can be totally chaotic, so maybe it's best to skip these days. Other times of the year the place bears an almost deserted look and you can get your sightseeing done in relative peace. Try and see if you can spot a couple of old men speaking Portuguese.
- Location: Old Goa near Karmali train station. A short ten-minute drive from Panaji.